Different Types of Bullying

Bullying comes in several different forms that are externally recognizable. Often a bully will utilize more than one type of bullying to cause chaos in their victim’s life. The best way to deal with any type of bullying is directly - by ending the ability for the bully to have access to their victim, and educating people on its effects. 


1. Physical - This type of bullying is essentially physical abuse. It happens when the bully may punch, bite, or otherwise make physical threats against the person they are bullying to intimate them. They may also take the lunch money, toys, books, and destroy the property of their target. This type of bullying is the most immediately dangerous due to the risk of injury or in extreme cases death. 


2.  Verbal – Sometimes physical bullying also has a component of verbal abuse simultaneously. This type of bullying includes persistent name calling, threats, and other verbal abuse that can negatively impact the self-esteem of the victim. 


3. Emotional – This type of bullying can be very pervasive and often happens within peer groups as well as relationships. It is often difficult to spot because ‘gaslighting’ can masquerade as compassion or even love in many cases. For example, a boyfriend or girlfriend might withhold love if the person isn’t acting how they want them to in a way that is abusive. 


4. Sexual – Any type of unwanted physical, verbal or emotional contact that is sexual in nature and repetitive is a form of sexual bullying or assault. These interactions are often shame-based in nature and can touch on sexuality or sexual orientation in ways that are defamatory to the victim. 


5. Racist – This type of bullying may be expressed through jokes, slurs, and physical intimidation using known racist symbols, terms, and gestures. A person using racist bullying may make fun of the victim’s way of dressing, praying, or living according to their culture.


6. Social – This often happens in peer groups where a group bullies a victim into doing things they really didn’t want to do such as use drugs, perform sexual acts, or do other things - even how they dress. Social bullying can be milder forms of peer pressure or more dangerous social force interactions. 


7. Cyber – This is any type of bullying that happens through online means such as chats, social media, instant messaging, texting, recording, or doing other things to embarrass or target the victim in question. Cyber bullying has grown exponentially in recent years and is one of the largest reaching and most dangerous types of bullying because of its transient nature. 

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